Positive psychology focuses on what is best about human beings to help them lead fulfilling, meaningful, and successful lives. In the early 2000s, a group of 55 scientists headed by Martin Seligman and Christopher Peterson spent three years researching what helps people thrive. The result was the classification of six virtues that could be found across different philosophical and religious traditions, which then, through further exploration, lead to the identification of 24 character strengths – The VIA Classification of Character Strengths and Virtues.
The VIA Institute on Character (a nonprofit organization founded by Neal Mayerson and Martin Seligman) then developed a psychometrically validated personality test, the VIA Survey, which has been freely available online since 2001 and translated into 41 languages. To date, nearly 8 million people having now taken the Survey and there are nearly two decades of research demonstrating the power of character strengths.
Clients can take the test here: https://www.viacharacter.org/account/register
Research shows that if clients know what their individual character strengths are and they apply them, they can make lasting changes. Each week a new study on character strengths is being published:
- Targeting signature strengths with clients can help them have long-term increases in happiness and reductions in depressive symptoms.1
- Strengths-based parenting can have a significant positive effect on academic achievement of teens.2
- Mindfulness-based strengths practice (MBSP) boosts well-being, job satisfaction and reduces stress and is more effective then mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) in boosting task performance.3
- Character strength interventions with older adults reduces depression and increase happiness, gratitude and life satisfaction.4
- And much more…
Virtue of Wisdom
Creativity: Original, adaptive, ingenuity, seeing and doing things in different ways
Curiosity: Interest, novelty-seeking, exploration, openness to experience
Judgment: Critical thinking, thinking through all sides, not jumping to conclusions
Love of Learning: Mastering new skills & topics, systematically adding to knowledge
Perspective: Wisdom, providing wise counsel, taking the big picture view
Virtue of Humanity
Love: Both loving and being loved, valuing close relations with others, genuine warmth
Kindness: Generosity, nurturance, care, compassion, altruism, doing for others
Social Intelligence: Emotional intelligence, aware of the motives/feelings of self/others,
knowing what makes other people tick
Virtue of Temperance
Forgiveness: Mercy, accepting others’ shortcomings, giving people a second chance,
letting go of hurt when wronged.
Humility: Modesty, letting one’s accomplishments speak for themselves
Prudence: Careful about one’s choices, cautious, not taking undue risks
Self-Regulation: Self-control, disciplined, managing impulses, emotions, and vices
Virtue of Courage
Bravery: Valor, not shrinking from threat or challenge, facing fears, speaking up for what’s right
Perseverance: Persistence, industry, finishing what one starts, overcoming obstacles
Honesty: Authenticity, being true to oneself, sincerity without pretense, integrity
Zest: Vitality, enthusiasm for life, vigor, energy, not doing things half-heartedly
Virtue of Justice
Teamwork: Citizenship, social responsibility, loyalty, contributing to a group effort
Fairness: Adhering to principles of justice, not letting feelings bias decisions, equal opportunity for all
Leadership: Organizing group activities to get things done, positively influencing others
Virtue of Transcendence
Appreciation of Beauty and Excellence: Awe and wonder for beauty, admiration for skill/excellence, elevation for moral beauty
Gratitude: Thankful for the good, expressing thanks, feeling blessed
Hope: Optimism, positive future-mindedness, expecting the best & working to achieve it
Humor: Playfulness, bringing smiles to others, lighthearted – seeing the lighter side
Spirituality: Connecting with the sacred, purpose, meaning, faith, religiousness
© Copyright 2004–2020, VIA Institute on Character. All rights reserved. Used with permission.
Character Strengths Interventions - The book
The definitive, practical handbook on positive psychology and character strengths for practitioners working in coaching, psychology, education, and business – start using strengths today!
Includes spotlight handouts of each of the 24 character strengths.
70 evidence-based, step-by-step intervention handouts
Character Strengths Intervention Cards
Help clients to learn and use their positive character strengths to lead more fulfilling and happier lives with this full-color 50-card set using the 24 character strengths and 6 virtues of VIA.
Includes 50 color cards of the 6 virtues, 24 characters and 16 intervention cards
Includes a booklet full of tips on using the cards
About the CSI book:
“The GO-TO book for building character”
Martin E. P. Seligman, The founder of positive psychology
“Ryan Niemiec takes one of the most important scientific tools in modern psychology for improving our well-being and makes that research come to life in a practical way for practitioners, parents, and coaches.”
Shawn Achor, MA, New York Times bestselling author of The Happiness Advantage
“Thought-provoking and hope-promoting, this is a must-have book for anyone doing work with character strengths!”
Lea Waters, PhD, President of the International Positive Psychology Association
About the CSI cards:
“If you are looking for character strengths cards, then these are the ones! They are a colorful tool for integrating into coaching and therapy sessions and homework. The cards are insightful, user-friendly, and ready-for-impact – a tangible resource to help clients build character strengths fluency, catalyze exploration, and set clients on a trajectory of strengths application for building well-being, enhancing relationships, and managing stress.”
Ryan M. Niemiec, PsyD, Education Director of VIA Institute on Character
- Seligman, M. E. P., Steen, T. A., Park, N., & Peterson, C. (2005). Positive psychology progress: Empirical validation of interventions. American Psychologist, 60, 410–421.
- Waters, L. E., Loton, D., & Jach, H. K. (2019). Does strength based parenting predict academic achievement? The mediating effects of perseverance and engagement. Journal of Happiness Studies, 20, 1121-1140.
- Pang, D., & Ruch, W. (2019a). Fusing character strengths and mindfulness interventions: Benefits for job satisfaction and performance. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 24(1), 150-162.
- Ho, H. C., Y., Yeung, D. Y., & Kwok, S. Y. C. L. (2014). Development and evaluaton of the positive psychology intervention for older adults. Journal of Positive Psychology, 9(3), 187-197.
The definitive, practical handbook on positive psychology and character strengths for practitioners working in coaching, psychology, education, and business –with more than 70 interventions, each backed by scholarly references and with easy-touse handouts!